Elettrosensibilità Studi

disturbi-wifi-701x424Mettiamo in rapida rassegna i più recenti studi, che attestano diverse forme di patologia derivanti da radiazioni ElettroMagnetiche sul materiale biologico.

In QUESTA PRESENTAZIONE SUGLI STUDI_MEDICI è possibile trovare nel dettaglio i riferimenti più significativi per gli studi in questione.

Visto che gli studi epidemiologici veri esistono solamente per forme di tecnologia ben conosciute ed adoperate come le onde radio (esposizione a ripetitori e ponti radio kHz , linee di potenza @50Hz e sistemi radar), altre forme di tecnologia più moderne e recenti putroppo non possono avvalersi degli studi protratti per diversi anni, ma possono dare una chiara indicazione degli effetti negativi sul materiale biologico (persone) studiando i singoli case-reports.

In questo caso wi-fi, hot spots, 3G/4G, segnali GPS e quant’altro sono spesso incriminati di provocare questa o quella patologia, ma senza uno studio dettagliato ogni argomentazione è solo disinformazione pompata ad arte.

La futura probabile diffusione della telefonia di quinta generazione, 5G, che utilizza delle onde sub-millimetriche (in pieno regime micro-onde), prima ancora di essere adottata già fa scalpore poiché la dannosità di queste onde è stata evidenziata da diversi studi.

Cerchiamo di fare chiarezza in un contesto di eco-sostenibilità e principio precauzionale, che deve guidare sempre e comunque il nostro operato.

Articoli suggeriti

N.B. Si tratta per lo più di riviste mediche in lingua inglese.

  • American National Toxiology Program “Report of Partial Findings from the National Toxicology Program Carcinogenesis Studies of Cell Phone Radiofrequency Radiation in Hsd : Sprague Dawley® SD rats (Whole Body Exposures)” ->LINK
  • “Impact of radiofrequency radiation on DNA damage and antioxidants in peripheral blood lymphocytes of humans residing in the vicinity of mobile phone base stations”, Zothansiama, Mary Zosangzuali, Miriam Lalramdinpuii, Ganesh Jagetia della Mizoram University, 2017; DOI: 10.1080/15368378.2017.1350584 ->LINK
  • “Inquinamento Elettromagnetico e Salute fra controversie, ricerca indipendente ed associazionismo: il caso del movimento degli elettrosensibili”, Milena Greco, Etno Antropologia, 4 (2) 2016 – ISSN 2284-0176 ->LINK
  • “American Brain Tumor Association Adolescent and Young Adult Primary Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Diagnosed in the United States in 2008-2012” ->LINK
  • Comunicato stampa del 28 novembre 2016 della Prof.ssa Magda Havas, BSc. PhD, Trent School Of The Environment, Trent University -> Pubblicazione scientifica: Havas, M. 2016. When theory and observation collide: Can non-ionizing radiation cause cancer? Environmental Pollution, 219: 000-000. Pubblicazione online, 28 novembre 2016. -> LINK
  • Brain tumors are increasing in Denmark ->LINK
  • WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION, Setting the standard for a wireless world of harm ->LINK
  • NO SAFE PLACE: Find how microwave radiation from WiFi, cell phones and other wireless devices is affecting your healt; LEtter to Gregor Robertson ->LINK
  • Impaired calcium mobilization in natural killer cells from chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis patients is associated with transient receptor potential melastatin 3 ion channels, 2017 ->LINK
  • Electromagnetic fields act via activation of voltage-gated calcium channels to produce beneficial or adverse effects, 2013 ->LINK
  • Soghomonyan D, Trchounian K, Trchounian A. Millimeter waves or extremely high frequency electromagnetic fields in the environment: what are their effects on bacteria? Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2016 Jun;100(11):4761-71. doi: 10.1007/s00253-016-7538-0. Epub 2016 Apr 18.
  • Haas AJ, Le Page Y, Zhadobov M, Sauleau R, Le Dréan Y. Effects of 60-GHz millimeter waves on neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells using high-content screening. Neurosci Lett. 2016 Apr 8;618:58-65. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2016.02.038. Epub 2016 Feb 26.
  • Sivachenko IB, Medvedev DS, Molodtsova ID, Panteleev SS, Sokolov AY, Lyubashina OA. Effects of Millimeter-Wave Electromagnetic Radiation on the Experimental Model of Migraine. Bull Exp Biol Med. 2016 Feb;160(4):425-8. doi: 10.1007/s10517-016-3187-7. Epub 2016 Feb 22.


Wi-Fi papers

  1. Salah MB1, Abdelmelek H, Abderraba M. “Effects of olive leave extract on metabolic disorders and oxidative stress induced by 2.45 GHz WIFI signals.”, Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2013 Nov;36(3):826-34. doi: 10.1016/j.etap.2013.07.013. Epub 2013 Aug 3. Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23994945
  2. Pathophysiology. 2017 Nov 14. pii: S0928-4680(17)30052-4. doi: 10.1016/j.pathophys.2017.11.001.: “Rats exposed to 2.45GHz of non-ionizing radiation exhibit behavioral changes with increased brain expression of apoptotic caspase 3., “,Varghese R1, Majumdar A2, Kumar G3, Shukla A4. –> LINK
  3. Atasoy H.I. et al., 2013. Immunohistopathologic demonstration of deleterious effects on growing rat testes of radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional Wi-Fi devices. Journal of Pediatric Urology 9(2): 223-229. pubmed/22465825
  4. Avendaño C. et al., 2012. Use of laptop computers connected to internet through Wi-Fi decreases human sperm motility and increases sperm DNA fragmentation. Fertility and Sterility 97(1): 39-45. pubmed/22112647
  5. Avendaño C. et al., 2010. Laptop expositions affect motility and induce DNA fragmentation in human spermatozoa in vitro by a non-thermal effect: a preliminary report. American Society for Reproductive Medicine 66th Annual Meeting: O-249 wifiinschools.org.uk
  6. Aynali G. et al., 2013. Modulation of wireless (2.45 GHz)-induced oxidative toxicity in laryngotracheal mucosa of rat by melatonin. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 270(5): 1695-1700. pubmed/23479077
  7. Gumral N. et al., 2009. Effects of selenium and L-carnitine on oxidative stress in blood of rat induced by 2.45-GHz radiation from wireless devices. Biol Trace Elem Res. 132(1-3): 153-163. pubmed/19396408
  8. Havas M. et al., 2010. Provocation study using heart rate variability shows microwave radiation from 2.4GHz cordless phone affects autonomic nervous system. European Journal of Oncology Library Vol. 5: 273-300. icems.eu/papers part 2
  9. Havas M. and Marrongelle J. 2013. Replication of heart rate variability provocation study with 2.45GHz cordless phone confirms original findings. Electromagn Biol Med 32(2): 253-266. pubmed/23675629
  10. Maganioti A. E. et al., 2010. Wi-Fi electromagnetic fields exert gender related alterations on EEG. 6th International Workshop on Biological Effects of Electromagnetic fields. istanbul.edu.tr
  11. Margaritis L.H. et al., 2013. Drosophila oogenesis as a bio-marker responding to EMF sources. Electromagn Biol Med., Epub ahead of print. pubmed/23915130
  12. Naziroğlu M. and Gumral 2009. Modulator effects of L-carnitine and selenium on wireless devices (2.45 GHz)-induced oxidative stress and electroencephalography records in brain of rat. Int J Radiat Biol. 85(8): 680-689. pubmed/19637079
  13. Nazıroğlu M. et al., 2012. 2.45-Gz wireless devices induce oxidative stress and proliferation through cytosolic Ca2+ influx in human leukemia cancer cells. International Journal of Radiation Biology 88(6): 449–456. pubmed/22489926
  14. Nazıroğlu M. et al., 2012b. Melatonin modulates wireless (2.45 GHz)-induced oxidative injury through TRPM2 and voltage gated Ca(2+) channels in brain and dorsal root ganglion in rat. Physiol Behav. 105(3): 683-92. pubmed/22019785
  15. Oksay T. et al., 2012. Protective effects of melatonin against oxidative injury in rat testis induced by wireless (2.45 GHz) devices. Andrologia doi: 10.1111/and.12044, Epub ahead of print. pubmed/23145464
  16. Papageorgiou C. C. et al., 2011. Effects of Wi-Fi signals on the p300 component of event-related potentials during an auditory hayling task. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience 10(2): 189-202. pubmed/21714138 (Wi-Fi alters brain activity in young adults: wifiinschools.org.uk)
  17. Shahin S. et al., 2013. 2.45 GHz Microwave Irradiation-Induced Oxidative Stress Affects Implantation or Pregnancy in Mice, Mus musculus. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 169: 1727–1751. pubmed/23334843
  18. Türker Y. et al., 2011. Selenium and L-carnitine reduce oxidative stress in the heart of rat induced by 2.45-GHz radiation from wireless devices. Biol Trace Elem Res. 143(3): 1640-1650. pubmed/21360060

And here are a few more studies of similar microwave frequencies at low exposures (6V/m or below)  (this is not comprehensive):

1. Balmori A. 2010. Mobile phone mast effects on common frog (Rana temporaria) tadpoles: the city turned into a laboratory. Electromagn. Biol. Med. 29(1-2):31-35. pubmed/20560769

2. Erdinc O. O. et al., 2003. Electromagnetic waves of 900MHz in acute pentylenetetrazole model in ontogenesis in mice. Neurol. Sci. 24:111-116 pubmed/14600821

3. Fesenko E. E. et al., 1999. Stimulation of murine natural killer cells by weak electromagnetic waves in the centimeter range. Biofizika 44:737–741 pubmed/10544828

4. Fesenko E. E. et al., 1999. Microwaves and cellular immunity. I. Effect of whole body microwave irradiation on tumor necrosis factor production in mouse cells, Bioelectrochem. Bioenerg. 49:29–35 pubmed/10619445

5. Havas M. et al., 2010. Provocation study using heart rate variability shows microwave radiation from 2.4GHz cordless phone affects autonomic nervous system. European Journal of OncologyLibrary Vol. 5: 273-300 icems.eu part 2.

6. Kesari K. K. and Behari J., 2009. Microwave exposure affecting reproductive system in male rats. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 162(2):416-428 pubmed/19768389

7. Kesari K. K. and Behari J., 2009. Fifty-gigahertz microwave exposure effect of radiations on rat brain. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 158:126-139 pubmed/19089649

8. Khurana V. G. et al., 2010. Epidemiological Evidence for a Health Risk from Mobile Phone Base Stations. Int. J. Occup. Environ. Health 16:263–267 pubmed/20662418

9. Maier R. et al., 2004. Effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on cognitive processes – a pilot study on pulsed field interference with cognitive regeneration. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 110: 46-52 pubmed/15180806

10. Nittby H. et al., 2008. Cognitive impairment in rats after long-term exposure to GSM-900 mobile phone radiation. Bioelectromagnetics 29: 219-232 pubmed/18044737

11. Novoselova E. G. et al., 1998. Stimulation of production of tumor necrosis factor by murine macrophages when exposed in vivo and in vitro to weak electromagnetic waves in the centimeter range Bofizika 43:1132–1333.

12. Novoselova E. G. et al., 1999. Microwaves and cellular immunity. II. Immunostimulating effects of microwaves and naturally occurring antioxidant nutrients. Bioelectrochem. Bioenerg. 49:37–41 pubmed/10619446

13. Otitoloju A. A. et al., 2010. Preliminary study on the induction of sperm head abnormalities in mice, Mus musculus, exposed to radiofrequency radiations from Global System for Mobile Communication Base Stations. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 84(1):51-4. pubmed/19816647

14. Panagopoulos D. J.et al., 2010. Bioeffects of mobile telephony radiation in relation to its intensity or distance from the antenna. Int. J. Radiat. Biol. Vol 86(5):345-357. pubmed/20397839

15. Persson B. R. R. et al., 1997. Blood-brain barrier permeability in rats exposed to electromagnetic fields used in wireless communication. Wireless Networks 3: 455-461.

16. Pyrpasopoulou A. et al., 2004. Bone morphogenic protein expression in newborn kidneys after prenatal exposure to radiofrequency radiation. Bioelectromagnetics 25:216-27 pubmed/15042631

17. Salford L. G. et al., 2010. Effects of microwave radiation upon the mammalian blood-brain barrier. European Journal of Oncology Library Vol. 5:333-355 icems.eu part 2.

18. Salford L. G., et al., 2003. Nerve cell damage in mammalian brain after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones. Environ. Health Perspect. 111:881-883. pubmed/12782486


  • Ait-Aissa S., Billaudel B., Poulletier de GannesF., Ruffie G., Duleu S. 2012. In utero and early-life exposure of rats to a Wi-Fi signal: Screening of immune markers in sera and gestational outcome. Bioelectromagnetics 33(5): 410–420.
  • Aynali G et, Modulation of wireless (2.45 GHz)-induced oxidative toxicity in laryngotracheal mucosa of rat by melatonin. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2013 May;270(5):1695-700. doi: 10.1007/s00405-013-2425-0. Epub 2013 Mar 12. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23479077
  • Atasoy HI, et al. Immunohistopathologic demonstration of deleterious effects on growing rat testes of radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional Wi-Fi devices. J Pediatr Urol. 2012 Mar 30. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22465825
  • Avendaño C, et al. Use of laptop computers connected to internet through Wi-Fi decreases human sperm motility and increases sperm DNA fragmentation. Fertil Steril. 2012 Jan;97(1):39-45.e2.
  • Behari J, Paulraj R. 2007. Biomarkers of induced electromagnetic field and cancer. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 45:77–85.
  • Bornkessel, C., Wuschek, M., 2005: Immissionsmessungen an WLAN-Szenarien, p. 26 http://www.izmf.de/sites/default/files/download/Studien/IZMF-WLAN-Studie.pdf
  • Calvente I, Fernandez MF, Villalba J, Olea N, Nuñez MI. 2010. Exposure to electromagnetic fields (non-ionizing radiation) and its relationship with childhood leukemia: a systematic review. Sci Total Environ 408:3062-3069.
  • Caraglia M, Marra M, Mancinelli F, D’Ambrosio G, Massa R, Giordano A, Budillon A, Abbruzzese A, Bismuto E. 2005. Electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequency induce apoptosis and inactivation of the multi-chaperone complex in human epidermoid cancer cells. J Cell Physiol 204:539-548.
  • Ecolog Institute: Neitzke, H.-P., Osterhoff, J., Voigt, H.2010: Gesundheitliche Risiken durch elektromagnetische Expositionen in AACC-Umgebungen, p.15, http://www.ecologinstitut.de
  • F. A. 2005. http://www.itis.ethz.ch/assets/Downloads/Papers-Reports/Reports/REFLEXFinal-Report171104.pdf.
  • Friedman J, Kraus S, Hauptman Y, Schiff Y, Seger R. 2007. Mechanism of short-term ERK activation by electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequencies. Biochem J 405:559-568.
  • Kesari KK, et al. Mutagenic response of 2.45 GHz radiation exposure on rat brain. Int J Radiat Biol. 2010 Apr;86(4):334- 43. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/42767533_Mutagenic_response_of_2.45_GHz_radiation_exposure_on_rat _brain/file/79e4150e2aee2c06a6.pdf
  • Lai H, Singh NP. 2004. Magnetic-field-induced DNA strand breaks in brain cells of the rat. Environ Health Perspect 112:687-694.
  • Lai H, Singh NP. 1995. Acute low-intensity microwave exposure increases DNA single-strand breaks in rat brain cells. Bioelectromagnetics 16:207-210.
  • Lai H, Singh NP. 1996. Single- and double-strand DNA breaks in rat brain cells after acute exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation. Int J Radiat Biol 69:513-521. 20
  • Lai H, Singh NP. 1997. Melatonin and a spin-trap compound block radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation-induced DNA strand breaks in rat brain cells. Bioelectromagnetics 18:446-454.
  • Lindahl T. 1993. Instability and decay of the primary structure of DNA. Nature 362:709-715.
  • Linee Guida della Building Biology Evaluation: http://www.baubiologie.de/downloads/RICHTWERTE_2008.PDF
  • Bornkessel, C., Wuschek, M., 2005: Immissionsmessungen an WLAN-Szenarien, p. 26 http://www.izmf.de/sites/default/files/download/Studien/IZMF-WLAN-Studie.pdf
  • Marinelli F, La Sala D, Cicciotti G, Cattini L, Trimarchi C, Putti S, Zamparelli A, Giuliani L, Tomassetti G, Cinti C., Journal of cellular physiology, 198:324–332 (2004).
  • Nazıroglu et al, 2.45GHz electromagnetic radiation (Wi-Fi frequency; 10V/m) has proliferative effects in human leukaemia cancer cells, 2012, International Journal of Radiation Biology 88(6):449-456. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22489926
  • Oksay T, et al. Protective effects of melatonin against oxidative injury in rat testis induced by wireless (2.45 GHz) devices. Andrologia. 2012 Nov 12. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23145464
  • Oktem F, Ozguner F, Mollaoglu H, Koyu A, Uz E. 2005. Oxidative damage in the kidney induced by 900-MHz-emitted mobile phone: protection by melatonin. Arch Med Res 36:350-355.
  • Oral B, Guney M, Ozguner F, Karahan N, Mungan T, Comlekci S, Cesur G. 2006. Endometrial apoptosis induced by a 900-MHz mobile phone: preventive effects of vitamins E and C. Adv Ther 23:957-973.
  • Papageorgiou CC, et al. Effects of Wi-Fi signals on the p300 component of event-related potentials during an auditory hayling task. J Integr Neurosci. 2011 Jun;10(2):189-202. http://media.withtank.com/b3d3a0a2b5.pdf
  • Phillips JL, Singh NP, Lai H. 2009. Electromagnetic fields and DNA damage. Pathophysiology 16:79-88.
  • Russian researchers affiliated with the Russian Academy of Sciences yesterday published two studies in Radiation Biology. Radiation Ecology. 2011. Volume 51, No.5, p.611-623.
  • Sarkar S, Ali S, Behari J. 1994. Effect of low power microwave on the mouse genome: a direct DNA analysis. Mutat Res 320:141-147.
  • Sharma S, Kelly TK, Jones PA. 2010. Epigenetics in cancer. Carcinogenesis 31:27-36.
  • Speit G, Schütz P, Hoffmann H. 2007. Genotoxic effects of exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) in cultured mammalian cells are not independently reproducible. Mutat Res 626:42-47.
  • Speit G, Gminski R, Tauber R. 2013. Genotoxic effects of exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) in HL-60 cells are not reproducible. Mutat Res 755:163-166.
  • Speit G. 2014. Genotoxic effects of exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) reported by the REFLEX project are not reproducible. Mutat Res Genet Toxicol Environ Mutagen 771:73-74.
  • Teepen JC, van Dijck JA. 2012. Impact of high electromagnetic field levels on childhood leukemia incidence. Int J Cancer 131:769-778.
  • Urdinguio RG, Sanchez-Mut JV, Esteller M. 2009. Epigenetic mechanisms in neurological diseases: genes, syndromes, and therapies. Lancet Neurol 8:1056-1072.

TUMORI DA USO DEL CELLULARE: DATI POSITIVI (Finanziamenti pubblici) HARDELL e coll. (Svezia):

1) Intern. J. of Oncology, 15:113-116, 1999

2) Epidemiology, 10:785-786,1999


4) Eur.J.Cancer Prev.,10:523-529, 2001

5) J. Natl Cancer Inst., 93: 952, 2001

6) Eur. J. Cancer Prev., 11:377-386, 2002

7) Intern. J. Radiat. Biol., 78:931-936, 2002

8) Archiv. Environ. Health, 58:380-382, 2003

9) Intern. J. of Oncology, 22:399-407, 2003

10) Neuroepidemiology, 22:124-129, 2003

11) Intern.J.Mol.Med.,12:67-72, 2003

12) Arch. Environ. Health, 59: 132-137, 2004

13) Int. J. Health Serv., 4:25-37, 2004

14) Amm. J. Epidemiol., 160: 923-924, 2004

15) Neuroepidemiology, 25:120-128, 2005

16) Eur.J.Cancer Prev., 14:285-288, 2005

17) Occup. Environ. Med., 62: 390-394, 2005 (v. Cap. 13)

18) Int. Arch. Occup. Environ.Health, 78:625-632, 2005

19) Pathophysiology, 12: 143-144, 2005

20) Amm. J. Epidemiol., 162:600-601, 2005

21) Environ. Res., 100: 232-241, 2006

22) Int. J. Oncol., 28: 509-518, 2006

23) Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health, 79: 630-639, 2006

24) B. M. J., 332: 1035, 2006

25) World J. Surg. Oncol., 4:74-90, 2006

26) Br. J. Cancer, 93 1348-1349, 2006

27) Am. J. Ind. Med., 2006 (www.interscience.wiley.com) (v.Cap. 24B)

28) Occup.Environ.Med., 64:626-632, 2007

29) BioInitiative Report, pp. 1-20, 2007 (www.bioinitiative.org)

30) Open Environ. Sci., 2: 54-61, 2008

31) Biomed. & Pharmacother., 62: 104-109, 2008

32) Electrom. Biol. Med., 27: 197-203, 2008

33) Int. J. Oncol., 32: 1907-1103, 2008

34) Surgical Neurology, 2009 (www.sciencedirect.com)

35) Hardell L, Carlberg M, Hansson-Mild K. Pooled analysis of case-control studies on malignant brain tumours and the use of mobile and cordless phones including living and deceased subjects. Int J Oncol 2011; 38: 1465-74.

36) Hardell L, Carlberg M, Hansson-Mild K. Mobile phone use and the risk for malignant brain tumors: A case-control study on deceased cases and controls. Neuroepidemiology 2010; 35(2): 109-14.

37) Carlberg M, Hardell L. On the association between glioma, wireless phones, heredity and ionising radiation. Pathophysiol 2012; 19 (4): 243-52.

38) Interphone Study Group. Acoustic neurinoma risk in relation to mobile telephone use: Results of the INTERPHONE international case-control study. Cancer Epidemiol 2011; 35: 453-64.

39) Hardell L, Carlberg M, Hansson-Mild K. Use of mobile phones and cordless phones is associated with increased risk for glioma and acoustic neuroma. Pathophysiology 2013; 20: 85-110.

40) Hardell L, Carlberg M, Soderqvist F, Hansson-Mild K. Pooled analysis of case-control studies on acoustic neuroma diagnosed 1997-2003 and 2007-2009 and use of mobile and cordless phones. Int J Oncol 2013; 43 (6): 1036-44.

41) Hardell L, Carlberg M, Soderqvist F, Hansson Mild K. Case-control study of the association between malignant brain tumours diagnosed between 2007 and 2009 and mobile and cordless phone use. Int J Oncol 2013; 43:1833-45

42) Hardell L, Carlberg M. Using the Hill viewpoints from 1965 for evaluating strengths of evidence of the risk for brain tumors associated with the use of mobile and cordless phones. Rev Environ Health 2013; 28 (2-3): 97-106.

43) Hardell L, Carlberg M, Hansson Mild K. Use of wireless phones and evidence for increased risk of brain tumors. Bioinitiative 2012 175 : Section 11.

44) Carlberg M., Hardell L. Decreased survival of glioma patients with astrocytoma grade IV (glioblastoma multiforme) associated with long-term use of mobile and cordless phones. Int J Environ Res and Public Health 2014 (ISSN 1660-4601;  http://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph).

45) Hardell L., Carlberg M. Cell and cordless phone risk for glioma – Analysis of pooled case-control studies in Sweden, 1997-2003 and 2007-2009. Pathophys. 2014 (available online 23 October 2014: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pathophys.2014.10.001 ).

46) Coureau G. et al. Mobile Phone Use and Brain Tumours in the CERENAT case-control study. Occup Environ Med 2014; 0:1-9 (doi: 10.1136/oemed-2013-101754).

47) Hardell,Carlberg Evaluation of Mobile Phone and Cordless Phone Use and Glioma Risk Using the Bradford Hill Viewpoints from 1965 onHindawi BioMed Research InternationalVolume 2017, Article ID 9218486, 17 pages Association or Causation

14 peer-reviewed studies both found significant increases in the symptoms being analysed, and conformed to the specified WHO / ICNIRP standards of scientific quality, including their assessment criteria of consistency and replication.

1. R. Santini, P. Santini, J.M. Danze, P. Le Ruz, M. Seigne, Enquête sur la santé de riverains de stations relais de téléphonie mobile : I/Incidences de la distance et du sexe. Pathol Biol (Paris) 50 (2002) 369-373.

2. R. Santini, P. Santini, J.M. Danze, P. Le Ruz, M. Seigne, Enquête sur la santé de riverains de stations relais de téléphonie mobile : II/ Incidences de l’âge des sujets, de la durée de leur exposition et de leur position par rapport aux antennes et autres sources électromagnétiques. Pathol Biol (Paris) 51 (2003) 412-415.

3. M. Blettner, B. Schlehofer, J. Breckenkamp, B. Kowall, S. Schmiedel, U. Reis, P. Potthoff, J. Schüz, G. Berg-Beckhoff, Querschnittstudie zur Erfassung und Bewertung möglicher gesundheitlicher Beeinträchtigungen durch die Felder von Mobilfunkbasisstationen. BfS (2007).

4. E.A. Navarro, J. Segura, M. Portoles, C. Gomez-Perretta de Mateo, The microwave syndrome: a preliminary study in Spain. Electromagnetic Biol Med 22 (2003) 161-169.

5. H-P. Hutter, H. Moshammer, P. Wallner, M. Kundi, Subjective symptoms, sleeping problems, and cognitive performance in subjects living near mobile phone base stations. Occup Environ Med 63 (2006) 307_313.

6. G. Abdel-Rassoul, O. Abou El-Fatech, M. Abou Salem, A. Michael, F. Farahat, M. El-Batanouny, E. Salem, Neurobehavioral effects among inhabitants around mobile phone base stations. Neurotoxicology 28(2) (2006) 434-440.

7. S. Heinrich, A. Ossig, S. Schlittmeier, J. Hellbrück, Elektromagnetische Felder einer UMTS Mobilfunkbasisstation und mögliche Auswirkungen auf die Befindlichkeit : eine experimentelle Felduntersuchung. Umwelt Med Forsch Prax 12 (2007) 171_180.

8. S. Thomas, A. Kühnlein, S. Heinrich, G. Praml, D. Nowak, R. von Kries, K. Radon, Personal exposure to mobile phone frequencies and well-being in adults: a cross-sectional study based on dosimetry. Bioelectromagnetics 29 (2008) 463-470.

9. K. Radon, H. Spegel, N. Meyer, J. Klein, J. Brix, A. Wiedenhofer, H. Eder, G. Praml, A. Schulze, V. Ehrenstein, R. von Kries, D. Nowak, Personal dosimetry of exposure to mobile telephone base stations? An epidemiologic feasibility study comparing the Maschek dosimeter prototype and the Antennessa SP-090 system. Bioelectromagnetics 27 (2006) 77-

10. H. Eger, K.U. Hagen, B. Lucas, P. Vogel, H. Voit, Einfluss der räumlichen Nähe von Mobilfunksendeanlagen auf die Krebsinzidenz. Umwelt-Medizin-Gesellschaft 17 (2004) 273-356.

11. R. Wolf, D. Wolf, Increased incidence of cancer near a cellphone transmitter station. Int J Cancer Prev 1 (2004) 123-128.

12. A.P.M. Zwamborn, S.H.J.A. Vossen, B.J.A.M. van Leersum, M.A. Ouwens, W.N. Mäkel, Effects of Global Communication System Radio-Frequency Fields on Well being and Cognitive Functions of Human Subjects with and without Subjective Complaints. FEL-03-C148. The Hague, the Netherlands:TNO,

13. S.J. Regel, S. Negovetic, M. Röösli, V. Berdinas, J. Schuderer, A. Huss, U. Lott, N. Kuster, P. Achermann, UMTS base station like exposure, well being and cognitive performance. Environ Health Perspect 114 (2006) 1270_1275.

14. S. Eltiti, D. Wallace, A. Ridgewell, K. Zougkou, R. Russo, F. Sepulvelda, D. Mirshekar-Syahkal, P. Rasor, R. Deeble, E. Fox, Does short-term exposure to mobile phone base station signals increase symptoms in individuals who report sensitivity to electromagnetic fields? A double-blind randomised provocation study. Environ Health Perspect 115 (2007) 1603_1608.